by Ryszard W. Kluszczynski,
in: LEONARDO, Vol. 40, No. 5, pp. 469–474, 2007 (as part of the refresh! conference papers)
"The author reinterprets the artistic phenomena that composed historical avant-garde art. His method of interpretation is an intertextual strategy that approaches the historical artifacts through recent phenomena. The first case study is of structural film; its most important attributes appear to be artistic strategies questioning the structural/material integrity, durability and permanence of the film work. The second case study is of the avant-garde
strategy of collective work, reinterpreted through the opensource work and interactive art
of today. The author identifies three steps in the development of the 20th-century concept of
joint creative work: avant-garde general strategies of artistic collaboration; avant-garde film
works oriented toward creative collectivism; and collaborative artistic practices that manifest
themselves in non-hierarchical strategies of contemporary interactive art."